TWENTY five per cent of adults in Scotland have one long-term condition whilst 25 per cent live with more than one, according to figures in the recently published Scottish Government report, The Scottish Health Survey 2015.
The other key statistics from the report were as follows:
Long-term medical conditions
- The proportion of adults reporting to be in ‘very good’ or ‘good’ health declined with age from 88% of those aged 16-24 to 55% of those aged 75 and over.
- 9% of adults had both a physical long-term condition and symptoms of mental health problems.
- In the most deprived areas, 29% of people with a physical long-term condition also had a possible mental health problem, compared with 14% in the least deprived areas.
Mental health and wellbeing
- The proportion of women with two or more symptoms of anxiety (15%) was higher than for men (9%).
- The prevalence of those with two or more symptoms of depression in 2014/2015 was 10%.
- Those in the most deprived quintile were more likely than those in the least deprived quintile to have two or more symptoms of anxiety (15% compared with 7%) and two or more symptoms of depression (16% compared to 4%).
Cardiovascular disease and diabetes
- 15% of adults aged 16 and over were diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease (CVD) condition in 2015 (similar to the levels of 14-16% from 2003 onwards).
- Among adults aged 16 and over, 19% had a CVD condition or diabetes — 6% had diabetes and 8% had ischaemic heart disease (IHD) or stroke.
- Diabetes increased significantly from 2003 to 2011 (4% to 6%) and has remained at this level.
- The proportion of adults drinking above three units (women) and four units (men) on their heaviest drinking day fell from 41% in 2003 to 36% in 2015.
- Drinking more than 14 units a week was reported by 36% of men and 17% of women.
- Self-reported smoking levels for adults have decreased from 28% in 2003 to 21% in 2015.
- There was a decrease from 2014 to 2015 in the proportion of children who were exposed to second-hand smoke in the home (11% to 6%).
- Just under two-thirds (63%) of adults in 2015 met the guideline for moderate or vigorous physical activity (MVPA), a similar level to those seen since 2012 (62-64%).
- Just over a quarter (26%) of adults met both the MVPA and muscle strengthening guidelines, with men being significantly more likely to do so than women (29% compared with 24%)
- In 2015, two-thirds of adults (65%) were overweight, including 29% who were obese, figures which have changed little since 2008.
- Waist circumferences were higher on average in 2014/2015 than in 2003 for both men (98.2 cm in 2014/2015 and 95.3cm in 2003) and women (89.5 cm in 2014/2015, 86.3 cm in 2003).
Aileen Campbell, Minister for Public Health and Sport, said: “It’s tremendous news that we’ve seen such a dramatic reduction in the number of children exposed to second-hand smoke in the home – meeting our target five years ahead of time. We launched our Take it Right Outside campaign because we know how harmful these chemicals can be for children’s lungs.
“I’d like to thank the many people who have clearly taken the message on board and are now taking their smoking right outside. We now need to see further reductions so that even fewer children are exposed.
“Elsewhere in the Health Survey I’m pleased to see increases in the proportion of children at healthy weight. Also it is encouraging to see a continued decrease in the smoking rate.
“However I recognise we have much more work to do to improve Scotland’s public health. Many of these indicators are static, or not improving as quickly as we want. This government is committed to bringing forward new strategies for obesity, mental health, oral health and alcohol. We also remain committed to introducing minimum unit pricing to tackle the damage which high strength low-cost alcohol causes in our communities.”